(Bloomberg) — The most-frequent diagnostic errors are for common conditions seen by primary care doctors, including ailments such as pneumonia and heart failure that can lead to severe harm if not treated appropriately, a study finds.

The misdiagnoses occurred most often during the doctor’s examination, including trouble getting a complete history from the patient, performing the physical exam and ordering tests, according to research published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine. Other common misdiagnoses were for kidney failure, urinary tract infection and cancer.

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